Topic: Monitoring of Radiations emitted from Mobile phones
Project Summary : The effect of mobile phone radiation on human health is a subject of interest and study worldwide, as a result of the enormous increase in mobile phone usage throughout the world. As of 2015, there were 7.4 billion subscriptions worldwide, though the actual number of users is lower as many users own more than one mobile phone.
Mobile phones use electromagnetic radiation in the microwave range (450-2100 MHz). Other digital wireless systems, such as data communication networks, produce similar radiation. Experts feel that the main antenna axis at the base station should not to be directly in front of a living place at a distance less than 100 meters.
In order to protect the population living around base stations and users of mobile handsets, governments and regulatory bodies may adopt safety standards, which would be about exposure levels below a certain value. There are many proposed national and international standards, but that of the International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP) is the most respected one, and has been adopted so far by more than 80 countries. For radio stations, ICNIRP proposes two safety levels: one for occupational exposure, another one for the general population. Currently there are efforts underway to harmonize the different standards in existence. Some national radiation advisory authorities, including those of Austria, France, Germany, and Sweden have recommended measures to minimize
exposure to their citizens. Examples of the recommendations are:
a)Use hands-free to decrease the radiation to the head.
b)Keep the mobile phone away from the body.
c)Do not use telephone in a car without an external antenna.
Objectives of the study
a) To monitor the levels of mobile phone radiations severally and together.
b)To study the effects of such radiations on certain species including human beings.
c) To propose scientific and technological measures to reduce the impacts on human health
d) To set up mitigation measures including deployment of radiations detectors in cities prone to high radiation levels.
Gujarat Environment Management Institute (GEMI)
(An Autonomous Institute of Government of Gujarat)
Office of the Director, 3rd Floor, Block no. 13, Dr. Jivraj Mehta Bhavan, Old Sachivalaya,