Topic: Monitoring of Fluoride concentration in Fluoride affected areas of Gujarat along with scientific assessment of their probable impacts, causes and remedial measures thereof.
Project Summary : Gujarat ranks 5th among the 19 states in high fluoride content in ground water. Nearly 70% of the districts in the State have fluoride contents beyond the permissible limit in ground water. Data available from the ministry of water resources, concerning ground water quality scenario, reveals that 18 of Gujarat's 26 districts have fluoride content above the permissible limit. The districts that have such excessive fluoride content include Ahmedabad, Amreli, Anand, Banaskantha, Bharuch, Bhavnagar, Dahod, Gandhinagar, Jamnagar Junagadh, Kutch, Mehsana, Narmada, Panchmahals, Patan, Rajkot, Sabarkantha, Surat, Surendranagar and Vadodara. However, the permissible limit of fluoride in ground water is 1.5 mg per litre. High fluoride content often results in weak bones and joint pain. "In certain areas of Amreli district the problem is more severe. The best solution is to make use of surface water and also recharge the ground water level.
It is also said that Rain water conservation for drinking purpose can also help.
Objectives of the study
a) To carry out the monitoring of fluoride concentration in selected districts of Gujarat out of the eighteen affected ones.
b) To study the probable effects of high fluoride concentration in water on the health of Residents.
c) To analyse the cause of high concentration fluoride in such areas and to suggest remedial measures for removal of high concentration viz physical, hydrogical chemical ,biological etc.
Gujarat Environment Management Institute (GEMI)
(An Autonomous Institute of Government of Gujarat)
Office of the Director, 3rd Floor, Block no. 13, Dr. Jivraj Mehta Bhavan, Old Sachivalaya,